This question was originally closed as too broad: What do Kerf, Dado, Rabbet, Tenon and Mortise mean?
It has been edited to reduce the scope, but now I think the wording does not achieve what the author intended, and opens the question up to basic dictionary definitions which were already present in the original question's linked reference. Another issue is that the question just lists a small arbitrary set of terms which is presently useful for the author but won't necessarily be useful for future visitors.
I think if we are to reopen this question at all, it may only make sense to do so by converting it to a community wiki, in which case we could produce a list of terms in the question and have one answer per term.
I'm struggling to find a way to salvage the question I'm beginning to wonder if it really is on-topic here. I think most etymology answers would be very short like the ones in the existing answer to that question. I would be hesitant to give the go-ahead for someone to go down a long list of woodworking terms and submit a question for the etymology of each one. It seems English.SE would be much more appropriate for that, or the etymology should really be rolled into questions like, "What is a dado?"
Does it make sense to salvage the question, and if so, how?